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BC Forest Service Links & Resources

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BCFS Historical Films and Videos

These productions are a collection of historical films and videos that were digitized as part of the celebration of the centenary of the BC Forest Service in 2012. Digitization was done through a grant from the University of British Columbia Ike Barber Learning Centre and funding from the BC Forest Service Centenary Society.

These productions are presented by the BC Forest Service for educational and historical reference purposes only. They represent the public policies, activities, technology and understanding of natural resource management at the date they were produced. It is hoped that by sharing these historical perspectives, we can better understand the evolution in technology and knowledge that the BC Forest Service has experienced since 1912.

A Proud Past: The 75th Anniversary of BC Forest Service – An historical look at the first 75 years of the British Columbia Forest Service (BC Forest Service, BCFS) from its creation in 1912 through to 1987.

Accept the Challenge – A historical look at the many types of careers to be found in the BC Forest Service in the early 1990's. This short 4 min 30 second program was produced for presentation at job fairs to encourage students to consider working for the BCFS. It is repeated several times into a 29 minute show.

All Things Considered – An historical look at the many factors that need to be considered when making integrated forest management decisions.

Armillaria Root Disease – The detection and control of this forest disease.

Axe Facts – An historical look at a training film on the safe use of axes.

B.C. Forests - A Resource With A Future – Addressing backlog reforestation issues and developing new markets.

B.T. in B.C. – The use of Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) insecticide for control of budworm outbreaks in 1988.

Basic Fire Behaviour and Suppression Training (Part 3 & 4) – An historical look at a six-part program produced as part of a fire behaviour and suppression training course produced by the BC Forest Service.

Basic Fire Behaviour and Suppression Training (Part 5 & 6) – An historical look at a six-part program produced as part of a fire behaviour and suppression training course produced by the BC Forest Service.

Basic Fire Behaviour and Suppression Training (Parts 1 & 2) – An historical look at a six-part program produced as part of a fire behaviour and suppression training course produced by the BC Forest Service.

Black and Green – The role of prescribed fire for forest and range management, 1983.

Bridging the Nass – An historical look at the building of the Nass River bridge by the Forest Service's Engineering Division.

Change of Pace – An historical look at the early days of the forest industry in BC compared to the techniques and technology of the late 1960's.

Changing the Way We Manage Our Forests – An historical look at the changes the BC Forest Service has experienced over the ten decades. An un-narrated video montage of images showing the early years compared to the mid-1990's.

Chewers of Wood – Forest insect management in the late 1970's. Mountain Pine Beetle outbreak in the Kootenay area is documented.

Clearing the Peace – An historical look at the engineering program's clearing of the Peace River dam pondage area under what is now Williston Lake.

Cool Roots – An historical look at a training film about the proper care and handling of tree seedlings.

Crown Land Registry Information System – The computer system developed to manage crown land tenures; 1987

Development of Sustained Yield – An historical look at the changes in forestry that led to the development of managing forests under sustained yield principles.

Dwarf Mistletoe – Identification and treatment of this forest disease, 1983

Fighting Fire With Fire – The role of prescribed fires in forest ecology and management. Chesko Valley project in Tweedsmuir Provincial Park.

Fire in the Forest – Wildfire management (Protection Branch) program, technology, and techniques. Prevention, preparedness and fire suppression are profiled.

Fire Safety For Forest Homes – Actions suggested to protect forest homes from wildfire; 1986

Fire Season – An historical look at the wildfire protection program in the early 1970's.

Fire: The Good Servant – An historical look at the mandatory burning of logging slash to reduce the fire hazard and to enhance reforestation.

Fly Camp Fires – An historical look at a training film on the set up of safe field camps.

Flying Surveyors – A historical look at the early days of mapping and surveying in BC, including the use of aircraft and airphotos. 1951, 29 mins

Following Nature's Lead – A historical look at second-growth forest management in BC and what we have learned from nature.

Forest Fertilization in BC – Forest fertilization program to increase growth in forests in 1988.

Forest for all Reasons – Implementation of the Pearse Royal Commission Report recommendations. Issues profiled include protection of the forest land base balanced with other land uses in 1984.

Forest Highways – An historical look at the building of highways, railways and Forest Service roads and bridges.

Forest Renewal - The Silviculture Program – The BCFS silviculture (reforestation) program in the late 1970's.

Forestry In Perspective – Discussion of the evolution of primarily using forests for timber to the integration of other resource demands - 1987

Forests for all Uses – Integrated forest resource management on public forest and rangelands and the forest recreation program, 1987

Forests: Improving the Investment – Programs to improve forest productivity.

Forests: Investing in the Future – Programs developed to stimulate forest product trade and investment, 1987

Forests: Protecting the Investment – Late 1980's pest management program to protect the forests from insects and disease.

Free Growing - Tomorrow's Forests Growing Today – The survey program that monitors the success of the reforestation and silviculture activities.

Hit Hard, Hit Fast (1979 Version) – An historical look at the development of the helicopter rapel wildfire fighting teams. (This video was re-done under the same title in 1988)

Hit Hard, Hit Fast (1988 Version) – Wildfire management and the strategy of using a decisive and swift response by highly trained firefighters. Included is a profile of the early rapattack crews. (This video was originally produced in 1979 and this version was re-done in 1988 and released under the same title)

Hit Hard, Hit Fast (1990 Version) – Protection Branch wildfire detection and suppression program. (An updated version of the earlier 1988 version of the same title)

Juvenile Spacing In British Columbia – Training video about how to do juvenile spacing of young forest stands.

Knapweed: Seeds Of Destruction – The invasive range plant knapweed and the options pursued for controlling it - 1987. Produced in cooperation with the BC Cattlemen's Association and the Province of BC.

Managing the Data – Management of data in 1988 that supports silvicultural program decisions to ensure reforestation of areas lost to logging, fire or insects.

Metric Cruising – The conversion to metric timber cruising, 1978

Metric Scaling – The conversion to the metric system of log scaling, 1978

Model Planter – 1977 reforestation training film for tree planters.

More than Trees – The silviculture program and integrated resource management.

Mountain Pine Beetle – An outbreak of Mountain Pine Beetles in the BC interior during the late 1970's.

On the Fire Line – Wildfire management techniques and technology at use in the mid 1980s. A perspective following the devastating 1985 fire season.

On The Fire Line – Methods of fire fighting in British Columbia.

One Jump Ahead - Mountain Pine Beetle – Mountain Pine Beetle control techniques used in British Columbia in the late 1970's.

Phase 3: Regeneration – An historical look at the changes from early resource extraction to sustainable forest management.

Productivity - The Key to Forest Management – An historical look at efforts to increase the overall productivity of our forests and landbase and to implement multiple use policies.

Public Involvement: A Strategy for Compromise – An historical look at the role of public involvement in development of forest management plans.

Reference Mapping – Mapping techniques and technology used in the late 1980s.

Reforestation: Catching Up – Efforts to reforest areas that had been harvested, burned in wildfires or killed by insects or disease, 1981

Safe Application of Herbicides – Training video produced for Forest Service staff in 1987 involved in the application of herbicides for reforestation brush control.

Seed Center – BC Forest Service's Seed Centre located in Duncan BC to produce quality seed for growing tree seedlings for reforestation.

Seedling Care - Everyone's Concern – A training film detailing the long reforestation process including the handling and care of seedlings from the nursery staff to tree planters.

Seeds For Tomorrows Forests – An historical look at how tree breeders combine the most desirable characteristics of "plus trees" to produce improved spruce, pine, fir and hemlock seedlings.

Seeing the Forest – Integrated forest management in 1987.

Silva Survey – An historical look at forest survey crews at work.

The Checker – 1987 reforestation planting crew safety training film

The Crucial Decision – Forest Management Institute production examining the pros and cons of implementing intensive forest management practices to increase productivity in 1984

The Day the Sayward Died – An historical look at the large 1938 Sayward fire on Vancouver Island and the reforestation of the area. Musical narrative by Valdy.

The Fall Down Effect – An historical look at the early extraction of forests to the realization that there inevitably would be a reduction in the timber available to harvest.

The Life of a Seedling – Reforestation, including seed collection, forest nurseries and tree planting.

The Man in the Tower – An historical look at the role of the fire lookouts across British Columbia. This production was later re-edited and titled 'The Man on the Mountain Top' (1965).

The Man On The Mountain top – An historical look at the mandatory burning of logging slash to reduce the fire hazard and to enhance reforestation.

The Protection Story – Forest wildfire detection and suppression.

The Seedling – The reforestation program of the BC Forest Service and forest industry in 1988.

The Spruce Bark Beetle – An historical look at Spruce Bark Beetle management in British Columbia.

To Build A Better Seed – An historical look at ways being used to produce improved seed for growing tree seedlings used for reforestation.

Tree Improvement Program – The Tree Improvement Program in the early 1980's and their work on breeding improved tree seedlings for reforestation across BC.

Trees to Expo '70: British Columbia at Osaka – An historical look at the harvesting and delivery of large trees for the British Columbia pavilion at the 1970 Osaka world's fair in Japan.

Water Transport of Wood in British Columbia – An historical look at the methods used to transport logs by water including different types of transport including the Davis raft and self-dumping log barges. Also covers the reduction of using interior waterways.

Well Dressed Field Man – An historical look at a training film about proper field clothing and footwear.

Well Heeled – How to properly store tree seedlings prior to planting, 1976

Western Spruce Budworm – 1977 video about threat from the Western Spruce Budworm to the Douglas fir in the lower Fraser River canyon.

Wilderness for the 90's – The early days of the wilderness resources protected area program in BC.

Wildfire - Beware and Prepare (Promo and Resident Version) – An historical look at the fire safety program for forest homes. This is the resident version. There is a second version for emergency response agencies (Inter Agency) This version includes a 30 second promo at the beginning.

Wildfire: Beware & Prepare (Inter-Agency Version) – An historical look at fire safety for forest homes. This version was produced for inter-agencies and fire departments. A second version was done for residents of forest homes.

Woodlot License Program – The development of the woodlot licence program in BC.

Web Pages

Aleza Lake Research Forest – The Aleza Lake Research Forest is a 9000 ha university-based outdoor research facility and working forest 60 km east of Prince George, BC . The mandate of the Research Forest is to provide research and education facilities and opportunities to the University of Northern BC, the University of BC faculties or institutes, other universities, government agencies, private sector research, schools and other educational groups with regards to ecosystem and resource management studies within the wet sub-boreal spruce biogeoclimatic zone. Contact: Kathleen Olson, Office and Outreach Administrator Aleza Lake Research Forest, 250-960-6339, olson@unbc.ca

Annual Reports of the British Columbia Forest Service

B.C. Forest Service Celebrates 100 Years of Excellence – One hundred years ago today, the Province created the first government agency to preserve B.C.'s forests through forest fire prevention, use of timber management areas, tree planting and the diversification of tree-growing.

BC Forest Discovery Centre – this BC Forest Service Museum, which was stored in large wooden cases for years, finally found a permanent home at the BC Forest Disovery Centre in Duncan.  To accommodate most of the collection, the former Ranger Station that sat just south of the Cowichan River on the Island Highway and its four-bay garage were physically moved to the then BC Forest Museum at the corner of the Island Highway and Drinkwater Road.  Like most museums, the majority of the collection is stored and those artifacts and ephemera suitable for a Ranger Station now adorn that building.  For more information about the BC Forest Discovery Centre, visit their web page.

BC Forest History Association – Forest History Newsletters listing.The association encourages the collection, preservation, cataloguing, and use of historical material related to the conservation, management, and utilization of the forests of the province.

BC Forest Service Turns 100 – The local forest district celebrated 100 years of the B.C. Forest Service with a cake, story telling and more at the Columbia District office. Revelstoke Times Review.

BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations Library

BC Named "Forest Capital of Canada" – The Province of British Columbia has been named “Forest Capital of Canada” for the year 2012 by the Canadian Forestry Association (CFA) in honour of the 100th anniversary of the BC Forest Service (The Working Forest Newspaper)

BC Parks: Celebrating 100 years of Recreation and Protection – Video sponsored by Elders Council for Parks.

Cowichan Valley Forest History – Stories of the men and women of the Cowichan Valley Forest Industry; maps of areas of importance; a photo archive that includes a section of old advertisements that pertain to the forest industry of those times; a section of old camp recipes; and plenty of other forestry-related materials.

Ex B.C. Forest Service Boat Squadron Blog – A blog dedicated to to the retired vessels of the B.C. Forest Service and associated vessels.

Forest Capital – Established in 1979, the Forest Capital of Canada program focuses on the valuable role forests play in the socio-economic and environmental health of our communities – past, present and future.

Forest Capital Status for 2012 – In honour of BC Forest Service’s centenary anniversary, the Association of BC Forest Professionals (ABCFP) is awarding Forest Capital status to the entire province in 2012 (The Association of BC Forest Professionals)

Forest History Association of British Columbia – This association encourages the collection, preservation, cataloguing, and use of historical material related to the conservation, management, and utilization of the forests of the province.

Good Timber 2012 Tour – A rollicking musical revue celebrating a time when loggers climbed trees. Based on the logger poetry of Robert E. Swanson, the Bard of the Woods, this amazingly talented ensemble has created a show of songs and stories played against a multimedia backdrop of rarely-seen archival imagery.

History of the BC Forest Service – Brief history of the BC Forest Service.

Ministry Reports – (AR) - Annual Reports (IWR) - Integrated Wildlife Intensive Forestry Research (LMR) - Land Management Reports (LTSPS) - LTSPS Research Notes (MR) - Miscellaneous Reports (RC) - Royal Commision Reports (REC) - Recreation (RN) - Research Notes (WHR) - Wildlife Habitat Research

Olympic moments for the B.C. Forest Service – For complete with video and slide show of a spectacular demonstration of the aircraft B.C. uses to fight wildfires, see http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/pab/media/bell/2010/02/23b/.

Salmon Arm Museum – When the announcement of the closure of the FS office in Salmon Arm came out in 2002, the staff decided to do something to commemorate the history of the FS in the area. There was an old fire look-out on Queest Mtn which was scheduled for dismantling. The staff went up and dismantled the building, transported it to a new location and spent several months painting, nailing and reconstructing the look-out. The Queest look-out now resides at the Haney Heritage museum site in Salmon Arm. Any artifacts they had in the office were donated to the museum and are on display in the look-out. The artifacts donated include: a range finder, old uniforms, some old pamphlets, a copy of a diary of a look-out employee supplied by Glen Allen of Kamloops, steel chain, air photos, and maps.

Timeline history of BC Forest Service – Ministers, Deputy Ministers and Chief Foresters and name changes of the B.C. departments and ministries (which have contained the Forest Service).

Papers

"100 years of collaboration between the BCFS & CFS" Theme Paper – The British Columbia Forest Service (BCFS) and the Canadian Forest Service (CFS) have a long history of collaboration across a wide range of functions and topics. The nature of the various projects and initiatives undertaken over the years reflect the evolving nature of forest management, and the relative strengths of the CFS and BCFS have contributed to successful outcomes in many collaborative initiatives.

"Aircraft and their Use in Forestry in B.C. 1918 - 1926" Theme Paper – The rapid growth of technology which took place during WWI made possible the application of innovations to increase the effectiveness of forest fire detection and suppression operations. The airplane was one such development...

"First Interior Nursery and Plantation in the Interior" Theme Paper – In 1947, the Forest Service decided to look into the possibility of a reforestation program in the interior of BC A site near Elko was chosen for a forest nursery in the yellow pine region of the southern interior.

"History of Aviation in the BC Forest Service Part 1" Theme Paper – Transport, Supply, Reconnaissance: This is a brief pictorial account of the history of fixed wing flying in the roles of transport, supply, reconnaissance, patrol and inventory with the British Columbia Forest Service.

"History of Aviation in the BC Forest Service Part 2" Theme Paper – Air Tanker Operations: This is a pictorial account of the history of the fixed wing air tanker program with the British Columbia Forest Service and includes notable seasons, events and milestones over the past half century.

"Our Logs' Story from Truck to Product" – To get the greatest value from every tree, we need to understand the current and historical use of logs, the supply and demand dynamics of different products, and the supply of wood fibre for potential new uses. Paper by C.C. Dymond

"Statutes and Legislation Governing the BCFS" Theme Paper – This document is a high-level summary of legislation governing the business of the Forest Service from 1912 to 2011. Ralph Archibald has attempted to review all statutes, and amendments to statutes, introduced by the Minister responsible for the Forest Service during this period and to identify the significant policy shifts.

"A branch history paper for the 75th anniversary of the BC Forest Service" – by Einar Karv - history of the Engineering Branch. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF ENG 1987 MR 2.

"B.C. Forest Service : a Proud Past" – 18 minute videocassette recording. BC MFR Library Call #: VIDEO 6.

"BC Forest Service Centenary Society Theme Papers for 2012" – A collection of papers outlining history of various subjects, such as Forest Service aircraft, the BCFS Oval, IT, Visual Resource Management, etc. Volunteer writers needed.

"Bibliography and list of readings for history of the B.C. Forest Service" – as compiled by John Parminter.

"Biographies for ministers, executives, directors, Ministry of Forests" – by Doug E. Adderley - contains brief bibliographic information and some photographs. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF A 1984 MR 25.

"Comparison of the U.S. Forest Service with the B.C. Forest Service" – by J.A.K. Reid. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.711008233 R356

"Events: Legislation, 1842-1979" – an introduction to Forest Service history to clarify the roles played by individuals and the reasons for decisions which have influenced the direction of the development of the Forest Service and its place in the general history of the province. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1986 MR 4.

"Forest Tenure and Management in British Columbia" – Legislative Library of British Columbia, November 2009.  This paper surveys the evolution of forest tenure and management in British Columbia.

"Historical Administrative and Personnel Tables, 1913-1981." – BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1982 MR 2

"Historical Headquarters Staff and Organization Tables, 1888-1979." – BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1982 MR 3

"History of Cowichan Lake Research Station" – by Ralph Schmidt. This transcript is taken from a slide presentation given on June 15, 1991. BC MFR Call #: 634.909711 BCMF A 1992 MR 7.

"History of Information Technology in the BC Forest Service" – by Fred Beinhauer.  A story written for the Forest Service Centennial

"Inventory: a Theme Paper" – examines the pattern and development of innovative administration in inventory. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1981 MR 3.

"Protection: a Theme Paper" – examines the pattern and development of innovative administration in Protection. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1986 MR 3.

"Silviculture: a Theme Paper." – BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1986 MR 1.

BC Forest Service Oval Theme Paper 2011 – No one knows who designed the very first version of the BC Forest Service Oval, but we do know there have been numerous versions made over the years...

History of the Chief Forester Position – Ex BCFS Chief Foresters, Larry Pedersen and Jim Snetsinger, gave this presentation to describe the history of this key position in the Forest Service but also key for all forest management in BC.

Books / Magazines

55 Years in the Vancouver Forest District/Coast Forest Region of the British Columbia Forest Service – a chronicle of the people, their stories and events, 1950 to 2005 (revised edition) by J.H. Carradice. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.711008232 C311 2007.

A History of the Boundary Forest District – by Greg Belyea et al. Includes CD which contains all of the pictures and information in the book. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.55097116 B454 2002.

Aleza Lake Experiment Station, 1920's and 1930's – This transcript is taken from a slide presentation given by Ralph Schmidt at the annual meeting of the Northern Silviculture Committee in Prince George, July 8, 1992. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF RES 1993 MR 4.

BC Forest Service : a history of the Forest Service in the North Thompson Region – by M.E. (Mel) Monteith. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 M65 1993.

Cariboo Forest Region : Memories, 1972-2003 – A compilation of stories, newspaper articles and photos. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.55097117 BCMF 2003.

Forest Ranger Ahoy: 1912-1984 – by Robin Lakenes. A history of the marine division of the Forest Service. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF A 1984 MR 26.

Forest Ranger, Ahoy : the men, the ships, the job – by Michael G. Coney. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.711008233 C747.

ForesTalk Resource Magazine – From 1973 to 1983 the BC Forest Service published a quarterly magazine called ForesTalk.  The magazine highlighted current forest issues and provided multiple perspectives on how they should be managed.  ForesTalk was highly regarded for its balanced approach at a time when environmental and economic considerations where highly polarized.

Forests, Power and Policy - The Legacy of Ray Williston – by by Eileen Williston and Betty Keller, printed by Caitlin Press Inc. BC MFR Library Call #: 971.104092 W736

Green Timbers: Surrey's Urban Forest Park – A 400-page book that describes this forest's colourful history. With plenty of references to accompany such topics of interest as the first forest nursery and, for a time, the only one in BC; the province's first forest ranger school; logging of the old-growth timber by King-Farris Lumber Company; descriptions of trails, plants and animals; building of the lake; this book contains much more including what you can do to keep a forest in an urban setting. Authors: Pam and Duane Duff

Invermere Forest District Memory Book. – BC MFR Library Call #: 354.55097116 I62 2002.

Life and Times of Martin Grainger – by Janet Katharine Booth. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.90924 B725.

Nelson Forest Region – Nelson Forest Region history

Organization of the Ministry of Forests 1912-1978 – by Joan Booth. BC MFR Library Call #: 354.711008232 B862.

Political and Ministry Personalities, 1842-1982 – A table of senior executive and political personnel. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 BCMF INF 1986 MR 2.

Riding the Skyline – by M. Allerdale Grainger. BC MFR Library Call #: 917.115 G743R.

Under These Waters: Williston Lake: Before it Was – An abbreviated account of Norm Unrau's involvement in a particularly exciting adventure in the mid sixties. For three years his work was in the forest clearing end of the project called “Peace River Pondage”.

What's all this got to do with the price of 2x4's? – by Mike Apsey: as told to Ken Drushka and Matt Hughes. BC MFR Library Call #: 333.750971 A654 2006

Woodsmen of the West – by M. Allerdale Grainger. BC MFR Library Call #: 634.909711 G743

Videos

Against the Tide – A 16-minute documentary video which combines old and new footage to tell the stories of the people who once worked on the vessels of the B.C. Forest Service. Two part video on our YouTube channel.

Centenary Celebration Video – The BC Forest Service celebrated its 100th birthday at the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, BC on February 27, 2012.