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BC Forest Service Timeline

This timeline of forestry-related milestones & events was produced by John Parminter. If you have things to add or corrections to it, please contact us. You can sort this information by clicking on "Date", "Item" or "Source".

Date Item Source
1778 First recorded use of BC timber by European man - Captain James Cook cut ships spars at Nootka Sound. Reid, J.A.K. 1985. Significant events and developments in the evolution of timberland and forestry legislation in British Columbia. 22 p.
1788 First recorded export of timber. Captain Meares takes spars to China. Reid
1848 First mechanized sawmill in BC established near Victoria. Reid and Project 87 Working Paper No. 1, Events - Legislation, MoF 1982
1849 First recorded export of Vancouver Island lumber, to San Francisco. Project 87
1851 Vancouver Island Steam Sawmill Co. Ltd. builds mill at Cordova Bay, Victoria. Moved to Albert Head in 1853, destroyed by fire in 1859. Project 87
1854 Sawmill built at Nanaimo to supply local market. Project 87
1855 John Muir and sons build steam sawmill at Sooke, operated until 1892. Project 87
1858 Earliest disposal of Crown lands, including trees and timber unless otherwise specifically reserved. Reid
1859 Land Proclamation stated that trees are included in the conveyance of land. Project 87
1861 First sawmill for lumber export, Port Alberni. Reid
1861 Pemberton - Sheppard agreement for timber lease at Shawnigan Lake, first made by Government of Vancouver Island. Parminter, on file
1863 Moodyville sawmill established. Reid
1865 Hastings sawmill established. Reid
1865 Land Ordinance made leases of unoccupied Crown land for the purpose of cutting timber subject to rent and terms considered expedient by the Governor. Reid and Ross, Monique M. 1997. A history of forest legislation in Canada 1867- 1996. Occasional Paper No. 2, Canadian Institute of Resources Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
1865 First recorded Timber Lease issued by the Government of BC to the British Columbia and Vancouver Island Spar and Sawmill, Ltd. Project 87
1867 British North America Act gives provinces the right to dispose of lands and timber. Taylor, S.W. 1999. 100 years of federal forestry in British Columbia. British Columbia Forest History Newsletter No. 57. December 1999. pp.1-7
1870 Land Ordinance of 1865 replaced with new version which allowed leases for timber harvest. Reid, Project 87
1871 Confederation of B.C. with the Dominion of Canada; province retains ownership of Crown lands but provision made for granting the Railway Belt lands to the Dominion to aid railway construction. Reid
1874 Bush Fire Act. Parminter, John. 1978. An historical review of forest fire management in British Columbia. iv + 111 p.
1875 Land Act replaced the Land Ordinance. Ross
1875 Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Act authorized a grant of public land to the Dominion of Canada to aid in that railway's construction. Reid
1880 Timber, Mines and Grazing Branch formed in the Department of Interior. Taylor
1883 Pursuant to an Act of 1880, agreement made to grant 14 MM acres of the Railway Belt, including 3.4 MM acres in the Peace River Block substituted for certain poor lands in the Railway Belt, 1883-1884. Reid
1884 Railway Belt transferred to the Dominion of Canada. Taylor
1884 Timber Act required licences to harvest timber and imposed a fee based on volume cut. Ross
1886 First Crown Timber Agent appointed at New Westminster, T.S. Higginson. Taylor and Project 87
1886 First timber reserves (forest parks) established along the CPR right-of-way. Taylor
1887 Land Act amended such that public lands chiefly valuable for timber are not to be disposed of by public or private sale, declaration required that the land is not chiefly valuable for its timber. Timber cutting rights (except for domestic purposes and improvements) prohibited on future Crown grants unless a licence is first obtained requiring payments of 25 cents per M board feet. Lands containing the timber reservation were later referred to as patented lands. Reid and Ross
1888 First provincial Timber Inspector appointed, May 25, R.J. Skinner. Parminter and Project 87
1888 Special Timber Licences up to 1000 acres and one year, not transferable. $50 per licence. Reid
1888 Land Act consolidated with the Timber Act and provided for 30-year licences based on a commitment to build a mill. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1996-1997
1890 Donkey engines in general use. Orchard, C.D. UBC Special Collections Division papers, folder 2-18
1890 Timber Mark Act provided for registered ownership marks to be applied to logs floated or rafted. Reid
1890 Matthew L. Foley begins development of BC Log Scale. Project 87
1891 Legislative amendment introduced cash bonus bidding for Timber Leases. Project 87
1891 Hemlock Bark Leases authorized for tanning, first issued 1905-1906. Rental of 2 cents per acre for the first 5 years and 5 cents per acre thereafter. Conditional upon operation of a tannery. Reid
1892 Foley's Log Scale forwarded to Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, industry objects to kerf measurement. Project 87
1892 Term of Timber Leases reduced to 21 years and they must first have been offered for public competition. Required a mill appurtenant to the lease cutting at least 1000 board feet per day for each 400 acres under lease. If it was not already in existence then a deposit of 10 cents per acre was required to guarantee construction. Reid and Ross
1894 Official Scalers Act for measurement of timber. Reid
1894 A. Haslam and R.H. Alexander appointed as commissioners to investigate scaling problem and make recommendations. Project 87
1895 Annual rent increased to 15 cents per acre for subsequent Timber Leases. Reid
1895 Foley's scale officially adopted as the BC Log Scale. Project 87
1897 J.R. Martin appointed Assistant Timber Inspector at Nelson. Project 87
1897 Inquiry into Crown timber disposition. Taylor
1899 Dominion Forestry Branch formed in the Department of Interior. Taylor
1899 Land Act amendment established condition of building a sawmill attached to each Timber Lease (contradiction of 1892 note?). Project 87
1899 Sale of timber lands (8 Mfbm/acre Coast, 5 Mfbm Interior) prohibited. Reid
1900 Canadian Forestry Association formed. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1996-1997
1901 Crown timber office opened in Kamloops. Taylor
1901 First federal fire rangers appointed. Taylor
1901 Land Act amendments dictated that all timber cut under lease or licence was to be manufactured in the province (how does this relate to Timber Manufacture Act of 1906?), leases made renewable for consecutive and successive periods of 21 years. Project 87
1901 Pulp leases of up to 21 years at 2 cents per acre rent and 25 cents per M board feet royalty and other provisions, on condition that a pulp or paper mill be erected capable of producing one ton of pulp or 1/2 a ton of paper for each square mile of the lease. Mill to operate at least 6 months per year unless relieved. Reid and Ross
1901 Timber Leases made renewable for 21 years. Reid
1902 Long Lake Forest Reserve (B.C.'s first forest reserve) created. Taylor
1902 Timber Measurement Act required the use of the British Columbia Log Scale and replaced the Official Scalers Act of 1894. Reid
1905 First Fire Wardens appointed. Parminter, 1978
1905 Special Timber Licences made transferable and renewable. Reid and Ross
1906 Canadian Forestry Convention held in Ottawa, January 10 – 12.
1906 Dominion Forest Reserves Act adds six forest reserves in the Railway Belt. Taylor
1906 Office of B.C. Inspector of Timber Reserves opened in Kamloops. Taylor
1906 Timber Manufacture Act required that all timber cut from leases and licences and from lands granted after March 12, 1906 be manufactured in the province. Did not apply east of the Cascade Range. Reid and Ross
1906 Timber Measurement Act replaced. Reid
1906 Use of steam power prohibited on hand loggers licence. Reid
1906 A. Haslam appointed Supervisor of Scalers in Vancouver . Project 87
1907 Peace River Block transferred to the Dominion of Canada in lieu of alienated and marginal lands Taylor
1907 Order in Council of December 17 withdrew all unalienated timber lands from all forms of alienation to address speculation and concentration of interests. Reid and Ross
1907 W.C. Gladwin appointed Chief Provincial Fire Warden. Project 87
1908 Department of Lands and Works created. Project 87
1908 Canadian Society of Forest Engineers formed (now the Canadian Institute of Forestry).  
1909 Canadian Commission of Conservation, Committee on Forests established. Taylor
1909 Fulton Royal Commission appointed, July 9.  
1910 Fulton Royal Commission report submitted, November 15. Final Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry on Timber and Forestry
1910 T.A. Mount appointed Assistant Supervisor of Scalers at Nelson. Project 87
1910 Special Timber Licences made transferable and renewable so long as sufficient merchantable timber exists to make it commercially valuable. Reid
1911 Canadian Forestry Convention held in Quebec City, January 18 – 21.  
1911 Canadian Western Lumber Company purchases overhead cable skidders, ushering in the high-lead era. First cable-way skidder in B.C. Western Lumberman 8(3):28. March 1911
1911 Forest Reserves and Parks Act. Taylor
1911 Timber Leases restricted to 640 acres or less. Reid
1912 BC Forest Branch created, Chief Forester hired, February. Project 87
1912 Forest Act. Reid
1912 Timber Sale Licence introduced. Project 87
1913 Five additional forest reserves created in the Railway Belt. Taylor
1913 Provided two years for the conversion of 16- and 21-year Special Timber Licences into perpetually renewable and transferable licences by a surrender and replacement process. Reid
1914 Elk River Valley Provincial Forest created, December 31 (first one). Project 87
1914 The term "stumpage" was adopted and defined as the amount payable for Crown timber in addition to rents, royalties and taxes. Reid
1914 Timber Royalty Act fixed royalties for the next 50 years. Reid
1914 Six month period to obtain 30-year renewals of existing Pulp Leases at the same terms and a royalty of 25 cents per cord; licence required for cutting timber on the lease for other than pulp manufacture. Reid
1915 HR MacMillan appointed Special Trade Commissioner. Project 87
1915 Forest Act Relief Act allowed renewals of Special Timber Licences that had expired for non-payment of fees upon payment of additional levies based on the length of delay (up to one year). Reid
1916 Free Use Permits for settlers. Reid
1917 Pulp Licences made appurtenant to pulp mills and holdings not to exceed a 30-year supply for the mill. Reid
1917 Aeroplane spruce program with the Imperial Munitions Board. Project 87
1918 Vancouver Forest Products Lab established. Taylor
1918 ”Forests of British Columbia” by H.N. Whitford and R.D. Craig published by the Commission of Conservation. Taylor
1918 BC Forest Branch's leased air patrol flying boat crashes in Vancouver, September 4. Parminter, John. 1986. Guardians of the Sky. Whistle Punk 1(4):3-10.
1918 Aeroplane Spruce-cutting Act enabled special permits for the cutting of spruce from public or private lands by persons authorized by the Minister, subject to compensation at $6 per Mfbm for No. 1 logs and $2.50 per Mfbm for No. 2 logs. Reid
1919 Dominion Air Board established. Project 87
1919 Competitive exams for Ranger selection. Project 87
1919 Dominion Forest (Insect) Lab opens in Vernon. Taylor
1919 Slash disposal provisions enacted. Reid
1919 First discovery of a forest fire from the air in B.C., by Harry Brown in a Curtiss JN-4. Parminter, 1986
1919 Grazing administration by BC Forest Branch. Parminter, Project 87
1919 Provision to substitute a Pulp Licence for a Special Timber Licence. Reid
1920 Scaling Fund established. Reid
1920 Royalty payments for merchantable timber left uncut in logging operations. Reid
1921 Federal seed extractory constructed at New Westminster. Taylor
1921 Pulp District may be created by the Lieutenant Governor in Council to secure the establishment or continuance of a pulp mill. Pulp wood defined and exempted from the Timber Royalty Act. Reid
1922 Fire-fighting costs could be reimbursed 100%, under specified circumstances, instead of the former 50% rate. Provisions for closure of a district due to danger of forest fires and taking emergency actions in the closed area. Reid
1923 Research began in BC Forest Branch. Schmidt, Ralph L. and John Parminter. 2006. An early history of the Research Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range. viii + 91 p.
1924 Aleza Lake Experiment Station established. Project 87
1924 Timber Royalty Act repealed and replaced by Royalty Act. Reid and Project 87
1925 Use of aerial photographs in forest inventory. Project 87
1925 Forest Reserve Account created based on 3% of gross royalty or tax and stumpage receipts to meet the cost of development and protection of forest reserves, the planting of denuded areas and maintenance of timber crops in forest reserves. Reid and Project 87
1927 Forest Surveys established in BCFS. Parminter
1927 Experimental forest nursery started on Shelbourne Street, Victoria. Project 87
1927 Permits required for campfires during the fire season. Reid
1927 Authorized the surrender of Pulp Leases and replacement by Special Timber Licences on payment of any difference between rentals paid and those that would have been paid under a licence. Reid
1928 Provision for cutting and disposal of sawlogs from Pulp Leases other than for pulp manufacture on payment of the appropriate difference in rentals and royalties in comparison with a Timber Licence. Reid
1929 Green Timbers property set aside. Project 87
1929 Cowichan Lake Experiment Station established. Project 87
1929 Further provisions for replacement of old Timber Licences by renewable and transferable Special Timber Licences. Reid
1930 Railway Belt Retransfer Agreement Act validated the federal - provincial agreement reconveying the unsold Railway Belt lands to the province; province to honour terms of federal Timber Berth agreements made during the time they managed the lands. Reid
1930 Transfer of Resources Act - unalienated lands in the Railway Belt and Peace River Block transferred to the province of B.C. and few remaining staff transferred to Vancouver. Taylor
1930 Green Timbers Nursery established in Surrey. Project 87
1930 Green Timbers plantation established in Surrey, March 15.  
1930 Repeal of timber tax provisions for timber not subject to royalty. Tax had been rebateable if the timber was manufactured in the province. Reid
1935 Young Men's Forestry Training Plan financed by Department of Labour, administered by the Forest Branch. Project 87
1935 Forest Insect Survey created. Taylor
1936 Federal Department of Mines and Resources. Taylor
1936 Aerial surveys in Forest Surveys Division, BC Forest Branch, photos taken by RCAF. Project 87
1937 Mulholland Report on forest inventory. Burch, Gerry and John Parminter. 2008. Frederick Davison Mulholland, P. Eng., B.C.R.F. – the father of sustained yield forestry in British Columbia. 134 p.
1937 Office of B.C. Inspector of Timber Reserves closed. Taylor
1937 Slash disposal provisions revised to include snag disposal and payment of assessments in lieu of slash and snag disposal. Reid
1939 Provincial parks legislation added to the Forest Act, former Provincial Parks Act repealed, BC Forest Branch assumed responsibility for parks. Reid and Project 87
1939 Royalty rates specified for minor forest products. Reid
1940 Forest Disease Lab opened in Victoria. Taylor
1940 H.R. MacMillan appointed Timber Controller for the Dominion of Canada. Project 87
1941 E.C. Manning killed in air crash near Armstrong, Ontario on February 6. Project 87
1943 Sloan Royal Commission appointed, December 31. Reid
1945 Deputy Minister of Forests appointed, making Forests a department under the Minister of Lands and Forests, BC Forest Branch became BC Forest Service. Reid and Project 87
1945 Sloan Royal Commission report submitted, December. Reid
1946 Forest Service Training School established. Project 87
1946 Koksilah Nursery established at Duncan. Project 87
1946 Silvicultural Fund established, comprised of not more than 50% of stumpage for timber in the Interior, to be used for hazard abatement and silvicultural treatment incidental to removing the existing stand. Reid
1947 Forest land defined in the Forest Act as land which will find its best economic use under a forest crop. Sale of forest land as well as timber land prohibited under the Land Act. Reid and Project 87
1947 Stumpage payments required under Timber Sale Licences to be inclusive of royalty. Reid
1947 Forest Management Licences authorized by the Forest Act. Reid and Project 87
1947 Provision for a 10,000 acre university forest for demonstration and teaching. Reid
1947 An Act Respecting the Practice of Forestry, April. Created the Association of British Columbia Foresters, now the Association of British Columbia Forest Professionals. Burch and Parminter
1948 Forest Development Fund of $2.5MM established for the building and financing of forest roads, to be replenished at a rate based on the amount of timber transported over the road. Reid
1948 Parks and Recreation Division created in BC Forest Service from Parks Section of Economics Division. Project 87
1948 First forest fire hazard forecast. Herfst, Fred. 1982. Canadian fire weather forecasting services. In: 1982 annual meeting proceedings, Northwest Forest Fire Council. Victoria, B.C. pp.40-44.
1948 Farm Woodlot Licence authorized by the Forest Act. Reid
1949 Canada Forestry Act authorizes expansion of economic development agreements with the provinces. Taylor
1949 Forest protection defined for purposes of the Forest Protection Fund to include fire, insects and disease. Reid
1949 Forest Insect Survey group established at Victoria. Canadian Forestry Service. 1986. Green alert – Forest Insect and Disease Survey.
1949 Log Salvage Districts authorized with licensing of log-receiving stations and permitted log salvors. Reid
1950 Federal Department of Resources and Development. Taylor
1950 Chief Forester authorized to make agreements with private land occupiers for reforestation of those lands and to provide seedlings free or at less than cost for that purpose. Reid
1950 Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Belt Land Tax Act imposed a provincial tax of 25% of the actual assessed value of the land and timber at the date of alienation in respect of any lands alienated after February 20, 1946. Reid
1950 Forest Act amended to require forest licencees to employ a B.C. registered forester. Burch and Parminter
1951 Forest Surveys and Inventory Division created in BC Forest Service from Forest Economics Division. Project 87
1951 Federal meteorologist seconded to BC Forest Service. Herfst 1982
1952 Forest Insect Survey expands to include forest diseases. Taylor
1952 The Minister directed that all subsequent Timber Sale Licences and Forest Management Licence Cutting Permits will require timber to be scaled in cubic feet. Reid
1953 Federal Northern Affairs and Natural Resources. Taylor
1953 Provisions whereby the Forest Service may examine alienated land and the Minister may direct the owner of unsatisfactorily stocked forest land to reforest the land at the expense of the owner (in 1955 this was restricted to the Coast). Reid
1953 Logging Tax Act imposed a provincial tax of 10% on the income derived from logging operations in excess of $25M. Reid
1954 Regulations to enable registration of mills and logging camps. Reid
1954 Salvage Sale areas may be established by Order in Council to prevent timber from being lost or destroyed and the Minister may sell the timber as he deems advisable. Reid
1954 Broadcasts of forest fire hazard on radio stations. Herfst 1982
1955 Use of helicopters for forest inventory and mapping Project 87
1955 Forest Protection Fund abolished and consolidated with other Crown revenues and appropriations of funds. Reid
1955 Second Sloan Royal Commission appointed, January 7. Project 87
1956 Silviculture Fund abolished and consolidated with other Crown revenues and appropriations of funds. Reid
1957 Provincial parks provisions removed from the Forest Act and parks administration transferred to the Department of Recreation and Conservation. Reid
1957 Second Sloan Royal Commission report submitted to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, July. Sloan, G. McG. 1957. The forest resources of British Columbia. Queen’s Printer, Victoria, B.C.
1957 Tree Farm Licences provided with a term of 21 years, renewable subject to negotiation (contradicts 1958 entry of Reid). Project 87
1958 Provisions to prevent collusion and unfair bidding practices in the disposal of Crown timber. Reid
1958 Stronger provisions made for requiring licensees and land owners to take measures to control insect infestations. Reid
1958 Provisions to close Log Salvage Districts to enable a log owner to recover a log spill. Reid
1958 Forest Management Licences changed to Tree Farm Licences, term restricted to 21 years but renewable with terms, stumpage method election eliminated and all stumpage rates to be based on appraisal with allowance for forestry costs. Reid
1958 Four Boeing Stearman aircraft were converted for use as air tankers in the Vancouver region, capacity of 150 Imperial gallons. Grumman Avenger aircraft were converted at about the same time, to drop 500 Imperial gallons. Marsden, K.B. 1982. Advantages/disadvantages of interagency use of fixed and rotary wing aircraft in wildfire suppression. In: 1982 annual meeting proceedings, Northwest Forest Fire Council. Victoria, B.C. pp.58-64.
1959 B.C. Forest Products Ltd., MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., Pacific Logging Ltd., Tahsis Company Ltd. and Western Forest Industries Ltd., formed Forest Industries Flying Tankers (FIFT) to convert the Martin Mars flying boats to waterbombers. Septer, D. 2002. Martin Mars, “God of Rain.” B.C. Forest History Newsletter No. 66:5-8.
1960 Department of Forestry Act united the Forestry Branch of the Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources and the Forest Biology Division of the Department of Agriculture - July 11. Place, I.C.M. 2002. 1918 to 1993: 75 years of research in the woods: a history of Petawawa Forest Experiment Station and Petawawa National Forestry Institute. p. 89
1961 Provision to make agreements with other governments or corporations to provide forest protection and fire suppression services on their lands. Reid
1961 Pulpwood Harvesting Areas may be designated by the Minister comprising of one or more sustained yield units in which pulpwood is available. Reid
1962 Water Resources added to Lands and Forests. Parminter and Project 87
1963 Private Roads Act amended the Forest Act, Industrial Transportation Act and Motor Vehicle Act to encourage owners to allow public use of private roads. Reid
1964 Reverted forest roads may be declared by the Minister to be Forest Service Roads. Reid
1964 Timber Sale Licence may require the licensee to carry out silvicultural work and may provide for compensation for the work as an offset against stumpage or by appropriated funds. Reid
1964 Bidding fee required of persons other than the applicant for sales in a fully committed Public Sustained Yield Unit or an emergency area. Reid
1964 Tree Farm Licence defined to include all such licences granted prior to 1958. Reid
1965 Pacific Forest Research Centre opens. Taylor
1965 Timber Sale Licence may require the licensee to construct a primary access road or carry out a silvicultural treatment as an offset against stumpage. Reid
1965 Minister authorized to require holders of Special Timber Licences, Pulp Licences, Timber and Pulp Leases to supply timber cruise information and may eliminate areas which do not contain merchantable timber. Reid
1966 Federal Forestry Branch of the Department of Forestry and Rural Development. Taylor
1966 Close Utilization Policy, January 1. Project 87
1966 Provision for controlling the distribution of plant nursery stock to prevent the spread of insects or disease, or for destruction of such stock with compensation. Reid
1966 Royalty may be calculated on a pro rata basis where more than one rate applies (Close Utilization component or possibly for weight or sample scaling). Reid
1967 Slash disposal provisions of the Forest Act extended to the entire province. Project 87
1967 Forest fire drought index chart used. Herfst 1982
1967 Timber Sale Harvesting Licence (contradicts Project 87 entry). Parminter
1968 Timber Sale Harvesting Licence (contradicts Parminter entry). Project 87
1969 Federal Forestry Branch of the Department of Fisheries and Forestry. Taylor
1969 Production of forest fire danger indices by computer. Herfst 1982
1970 Vernon Forest Insect Lab closed. Taylor
1970 Land Act amended to prohibit the disposal of Crown land by Crown grant suitable for timber or pulpwood production except where required for agricultural development or other higher economic use. Reid
1970 Provision for election of either board foot or cubic scale eliminated and made at the discretion of the Ministry. Reid
1970 Douglas A26 Invader air tanker employed. Morrison, I.A. 1982. Air tankers in British Columbia. In: 1982 annual meeting proceedings, Northwest Forest Fire Council. Victoria, B.C. pp.65-70.
1971 Federal Department of Environment. Taylor
1971 Environment and Land Use Act enabled. Reid
1971 Ecological Reserve Act.  
1972 Federal Canadian Forestry Service formed. Taylor
1972 Requirement to obtain permits for campfires eliminated and industrial burning permit provisions strengthened. Reid
1972 Scaling provisions re-enacted to entrench the BC Cubic Scale. Reid
1972 New provision requiring lessee or licensee of Crown timber to reforest areas logged under the lease or licence. Reid
1972 Portions of Old Temporary Tenures (licences and leases) within a Tree Farm Licence to revert to Crown land status when harvested and become part of the TFL if held by the same licensee but if held by another licensee then an Order in Council is required to include the land in the TFL. Reid
1973 Douglas DC6-B air tanker employed. Morrison
1974 Timber Products Stabilization Act enacted to authorize regulation of prices paid for wood chips produced in the province for manufacture in the province. Reid
1974 Task Force on Crown Timber Disposal appointed January 12. Reid
1974 Improvements on Tree Farm Licences no longer exempted from taxation under the Taxation Act. Reid
1975 Royal Commission on forestry chaired by Dr. Peter Pearse appointed, June 12. Reid
1975 Dr. Vladimir J. Krajina’s biogeoclimatic ecosystem classification system adopted by the BC Forest Service.  
1975 Grumman Avenger air tankers were phased out in favour of the Douglas A26 Invader and Douglas DC-6B, which holds 2500 Imperial gallons. Marsden
1976 Department of Forests established, separated from the Department of Lands. Reid and Project 87
1976 Forest Act became the Department of Forests Act, subsequently renamed the Ministry of Forests Act and validated by the Ministerial Titles Amendment Act in 1977. Reid
1976 Forest Policy Advisory Committee appointed in December to deal with implementation of the Royal Commission report. Reid
1976 Pearse Royal Commission report submitted in September. Reid
1977 BCFS Range Branch took over responsibility for all Grazing Leases in the province and the sole agency responsible for the forage resource. Project 87
1977 BCFS helicopter rappel crews used for fire suppression in Lower Post Ranger District. Alexander, Bruce. Operational advance in initial attack. In: Northwest Forest Fire Council, annual meeting 1984. Beaverton, Oregon. pp.55-58.
1978 Timber Supply Areas replace Public Sustained Yield Units. Project 87
1978 Federal Department of Fisheries and Environment. Taylor
1978 Forest products labs privatized, Forintek Canada takes over the Western Forest Products Lab. Taylor
1978 Ministry of Forests Act, Forest Act, and Range Act (proclaimed January 1, 1979). Reid, Parminter
1979 Small Business Forest Enterprise Program. Grist
1980 Forest Service reorganized from Forest Districts and Ranger Districts to Forest Regions and Forest Districts. Reid
1980 Federal Department of Environment. Taylor
1980 Section 84 amended to require timber appraisals and stumpage rates to be determined in accordance with the policies and procedures approved by the Minister and varied according to the licence agreement. Reid
1980 Credit to stumpage broadened to include nurseries and seed orchards. Reid
1980 Authorized consolidation and subdivision of Tree Farm Licences held by the same person. Reid
1984 Canadian Forestry Service moved from Environment to Agriculture Canada under the Minister of State for Forestry. Canadian Forestry Service. 1986. Green alert – Forest Insect and Disease Survey.
1986 Conair introduced the first turbine-powered air tanker, the Fokker F-27. In: 1986 annual meeting proceedings, Northwest Forest Fire Council. Olympia, Washington.
1987 Forest Amendment Act allowed the Forest Service to designate wilderness areas.  
1987 Section 88 of the Forest Act (credits to stumpage) no longer applies for basic silviculture, roads, and bridges, September 15. Industry now responsible for basic silviculture, including reforestation. Amount of wood sold in competetive sales doubled, cut control rules changed to resell or return undercut volumes. Ministry of Forests and Lands News Release, September 15, 1987
1987 Comparative Value System replaced Rothery System for pricing timber, October 1. Ministry of Forests and Lands News Release, September 15, 1987
1986 Federal Agriculture (Minister of State for Forestry and Mines). Taylor
1988 Federal Forestry (pending Royal Assent). Taylor
1988 Prince George District Office of Canadian Forestry Service opened. Taylor
1989 Federal Canada Forestry Act passed, creating the Department of Forestry. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1996-1997
1990 Canadian Forestry Service becomes Forestry Canada. Taylor
1991 Federal Green Plan enables formation of Model Forests. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1991
1991 FRDA II agreement signed with federal government. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1991
1992 An Old Growth Strategy for British Columbia released, May. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1992
1992 Protected Areas Strategy implemented, May. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1994
1992 Commissioner on Resources and Environment Act, June.  
1992 Commission on Resources and Environment created. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1994
1992 Timber Supply Review begun. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1992
1993 Department of Forestry becomes federal Department of Natural Resources. Taylor
1993 87 600 ha protected in Clayoquot Sound, April. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1993
1993 Discussion paper on forest practices code. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1993
1994 Forest Practices Code of BC Act, July 7.  
1994 Forest Land Reserve Act, July. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1994
1994 BC Forest Renewal Act, May.  
1994 Forest Renewal BC created under the Forest Renewal Plan. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1994
1994 West Fraser Timber voluntarily relinquished its cutting rights in the Kitlope Valley, which later became a protected area, and then the Kitlope Heritage Conservancy. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2001-2002
1994 Long Beach Model Forest created, September. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1994
1995 Large areas of Crown land reserved under the Forest Land Reserve Act. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1995-1996
1995 Scientific panel recommendations for ecosystem-based management in Clayoquot Sound accepted, July. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1995-1996
1995 Class A provincial park created in Stein Valley (107 000 ha), November. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1995-1996
1995 Prince George District Office of Forestry Canada closed. Taylor
1995 Forest Insect and Disease Survey discontinued. Taylor
1997 MacMillan Bloedel and five Nuu-Chah-Nulth bands form a joint venture in Clayoquot Sound area, April. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1996-1997
1997 Jobs and Timber Accord, June. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1996-1997
1997 Muskwa – Kechika protected area created, October. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1997-1998
1998 MacMillan Bloedel announced it will phase out clearcutting over 5 years, June. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1998-1999
1999 Identified Wildlife Management Strategy implemented, February. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1998-1999
1999 TimberWest Forest Corp. announced it will phase out clearcutting over 4 years, May. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1998-1999
1999 Centennial of the Canadian Forest Service. Taylor
2000 BC announced it will reduce the proportion of clearcut harvesting in the Vancouver Forest Region from 70 to 40% over 5 years through the Small Business Forest Enterprise Program licensees. The State of Canada’s Forests, 1999-2000
2001 BC became the first Canadian jurisdiction to put more than 12% of its landbase in parks, protected areas, recreation areas and ecological reserves. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2000-2001
2001 BC designated the Great Bear Rainforest in the central coast, protecting 96 458 hectares. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2000-2001
2002 Discussion paper proposing a results-based Forest Practices Code released for comment, May 1. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2001-2002
2002 Forest Renewal BC terminated on June 14 and replaced with the Forest Investment Account to focus on land-based improvements and studies, forestry research, product development, and international marketing. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2001-2002
2002 The federal government announced a $246-million softwood lumber aid package that included a five-year, $40-million investment to assist BC with the mountain pine beetle epidemic, October. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2002-2003
2003 The Forestry Revitalization Plan was introduced to address the competitiveness of the industry while maintaining environmental standards. Eliminated were policies such as minimum cut, requirements to process timber within the same company or at specified mills, mill closure penalties, and restrictions on the transfer and subdivision of tenures, March. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2002-2003
2003 Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd. (FII) was incorporated a provincial Crown corporation with a goal to develop and diversify markets for B.C. wood products around the world, March 31.  
2003 The McLure fire burned 26 420 hectares, forcing the evacuation of 3800 residents and destroying 81 buildings, July through September.  
2003 The Okanagan Mountain Park fire burned 25 000 hectares south and east of Kelowna, forcing the evacuation of more than 27 000 people and destroying 239 homes, August and September.  
2003 The mountain pine beetle epidemic increased to cover 4.2 million hectares, double the area in 2002. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2003-2004
2003 The Wildfire Act was introduced to replace or streamline provisions in the Forest Practices Code of B.C. Act and safeguard communities, November. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2003-2004
2004 Forest and Range Practices Act January 31, beginning the transition to a results-based forest practices code.  
2004 The Firestorm 2003 Provincial Review report was submitted to the provincial cabinet, February. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2003-2004
2004 A market-based timber pricing system to set stumpage prices for coastal operations was implemented, February 29. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2003-2004
2004 Mountain pine beetle action plan updated and a two-year Bark Beetle Task Force created to oversee its implementation, April. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2004-2005
2005 Standards for Seed Use introduced to protect tree gene resources. Apply to anyone planting trees in order to establish a free-growing stand under the Forest and Range Practices Act, April 1. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2004-2005
2005 The mountain pine beetle infestation grew to 8.7 million hectares. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2005-2006
2005 Land use decisions announced for 6.4 million hectares of the Central Coast and North Coast Land and Resource Management Plan areas. Including 1.8 million hectares of protected areas, adoption of ecosystem-based management (EBM) and a new level of government-to-government cooperation between the province and First Nations. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2005-2006
2005 Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Response – Canada-B.C. Implementation Strategy released, September. The State of Canada’s Forests, 2005-2006
Feb. 27, 2012 100th Anniversary of the Forest Service